Autothermal hydrogen generation from methanol in a ceramic microchannel network Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • In this paper, the authors present the first demonstration of a new class of integrated ceramic microchannel reactors for all-in-one reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. The reactor concept employs precision-machined metal distributors capable of realizing complex flow distribution patterns with extruded ceramic microchannel networks for cost-effective thermal integration of multiple chemical processes. The presently reported reactor is comprised of five methanol steam reforming channels packed with CuO/-Al2O3, interspersed with four methanol combustion channels washcoated with Pt/-Al2O3, for autothermal hydrogen production (i.e., without external heating). Results demonstrate the capability of this new device for integrating combustion and steam reforming of methanol for autothermal production of hydrogen, owing to the axially self-insulating nature of distributor-packaged ceramic microchannels. In the absence of any external insulation, stable reforming of methanol to hydrogen at conversions >90% and hydrogen yields >70% was achieved at a maximum reactor temperature of 400 C, while simultaneously maintaining a packaging temperature <50 C. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Power Sources

author list (cited authors)

  • Moreno, A. M., & Wilhite, B. A.

citation count

  • 36

complete list of authors

  • Moreno, Angela M||Wilhite, Benjamin A

publication date

  • January 2010