Biomarker Profile Does Not Predict Weight Loss Success in Successful and Unsuccessful Diet-Reduced Obese Individuals: A Prospective Study Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Individuals attempting weight reduction have varying success when participating in the same intervention. Identifying physiological factors associated with greater weight loss could improve outcomes. METHODS: Sixty-one adults (BMI 27-30 kg/m2) participated in a 16-week group-based, cognitive-behavioral control weight loss program. Concentrations of 12 fasting hormones and cytokines related to adiposity, satiety/hunger, and inflammation were measured using the Milliplex human metabolic human panel before and after weight loss. Participants were grouped based on ≥8% (successful group, SG) or <8% weight loss (less successful group, LSG). RESULTS: The SG had 46 subjects (75.4%), while the LSG had 15 (24.6%).There were no differences in baseline sex distribution, age, weight, BMI, and body composition between groups. In the SG, baseline to the 16-week levels decreased significantly for c-peptide (1,030 versus 891 pg/mL, P = 0.002), insulin (665 versus 541 pg/mL, P = 0.001), and leptin (0.83 versus 0.58 ng/mL/kg fat, P < 0.001). None of the baseline analytes predicted greater weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: Successful weight loss was associated with changes in adiposity (less fat mass) and unfavorable hunger signals. No baseline biomarker profile was associated with weight loss success. Behavioral factors may have outweighed physiological signals for determining successful weight loss. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00429650.

author list (cited authors)

  • Polsky, S., Ogden, L. G., MacLean, P. S., Giles, E. D., Brill, C., & Wyatt, H. R.

publication date

  • January 1, 2013 11:11 AM