Probing the ternary complexes of indoleamine and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenases by cryoreduction EPR and ENDOR spectroscopy.
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We have applied cryoreduction/EPR/ENDOR techniques to characterize the active-site structure of the ferrous-oxy complexes of human (hIDO) and Shewanella oneidensis (sIDO) indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenases, Xanthomonas campestris (XcTDO) tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase, and the H55S variant of XcTDO in the absence and in the presence of the substrate L-Trp and a substrate analogue, L-Me-Trp. The results reveal the presence of multiple conformations of the binary ferrous-oxy species of the IDOs. In more populated conformers, most likely a water molecule is within hydrogen-bonding distance of the bound ligand, which favors protonation of a cryogenerated ferric peroxy species at 77 K. In contrast to the binary complexes, cryoreduction of all of the studied ternary [enzyme-O(2)-Trp] dioxygenase complexes generates a ferric peroxy heme species with very similar EPR and (1)H ENDOR spectra in which protonation of the basic peroxy ligand does not occur at 77 K. Parallel studies with L-Me-Trp, in which the proton of the indole nitrogen is replaced with a methyl group, eliminate the possibility that the indole NH group of the substrate acts as a hydrogen bond donor to the bound O(2), and we suggest instead that the ammonium group of the substrate hydrogen-bonds to the dioxygen ligand. The present data show that substrate binding, primarily through this H-bond, causes the bound dioxygen to adopt a new conformation, which presumably is oriented for insertion of O(2) into the C(2)-C(3) double bond of the substrate. This substrate interaction further helps control the reactivity of the heme-bound dioxygen by "shielding" it from water.
author list (cited authors)
Davydov, R. M., Chauhan, N., Thackray, S. J., Anderson, J., Papadopoulou, N. D., Mowat, C. G., ... Hoffman, B. M
complete list of authors
Davydov, Roman M||Chauhan, Nishma||Thackray, Sarah J||Anderson, JL Ross||Papadopoulou, Nektaria D||Mowat, Christopher G||Chapman, Stephen K||Raven, Emma L||Hoffman, Brian M