Structural, Electrical, Magnetic, and Spectroscopic Properties of Ring-Oxidized Molecular Metals Produced by Iodination of Metal-Free and Nickel Tetrabenzporphyrins Academic Article uri icon


  • Detailed studies of the structure, conductivitity, magnetoresistance, optical spectra, and magnetic properties (susceptibility, EPR) for the new molecular metal tetrabenzporphyrin iodide (H(2)(tbp)I) and the electrical, spectral, and magnetic properties of Ni(tbp)I are reported. Paramagnetic transition-ion impurities were carefully excluded during the synthesis of H(2)(tbp)I and Ni(tbp)I, and both materials show much higher, metal-like conductivites than previously seen for less-pure Ni(tbp)I. Comparison of the specular reflectance data for Ni(tbp)I and H(2)(tbp)I allows a distinction between purely ring pi-transitions and metal-involved charge-transfer transitions, and the spectra fix the energy levels of the pi orbitals involved in conduction. Transport, magnetic, and optical properties show that both H(2)(tbp)I and Ni(tbp)I are ring-based conductors that have metal-like conductivities, varying as approximately 1/T, down to ca. 30-40 K. However, the remaining level of defects is higher in the tbp conductors than in H(2)(pc)I, and whereas the latter is metallic down to the mK temperature range, the defects in the (tbp) compounds localize the conduction electrons at approximately 10 K (Ni(tbp)I) and approximately 30 K (H(2)(tbp)I), leading to transport through one-dimensional variable-range hopping. EPR g-values for H(2)(tbp)I and Ni(tbp)I are close to that for the free electron and are nearly temperature-independent. The line widths for both samples are extremely narrow and also are nearly temperature-independent. These results show that Ni(tbp)I does not display doubly-mixed valence, as thought earlier: Paramagnetic impurities significantly altered the EPR signals of the prior samples. H(2)(tbp)I crystallizes in the space group P4/mcc with cell constants of a = 14.173(10) Å and c = 6.463(4) Å. Full-matrix least-squares refinement of 63 variables gave an R index of 0.061 on F(o)(2).

author list (cited authors)

  • Murata, K., Liou, K., Thompson, J. A., McGhee, E. M., Rende, D. E., Ellis, D. E., ... Ibers, J. A.

publication date

  • January 1, 1997 11:11 AM