Cytochrome c peroxidase-cytochrome c complex: locating the second binding domain on cytochrome c peroxidase with site-directed mutagenesis.
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Cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) can bind as many as two cytochrome c (Cc) molecules in an electrostatic complex. The location of the two binding domains on CcP has been probed by photoinduced interprotein electron transfer (ET) between zinc-substituted horse cytochrome c (ZnCc) and CcP with surface charge-reversal mutations and by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). These results, which are the first experimental evidence for the location of domain 2, indicate that the weak-binding domain includes residues 146-150 on CcP. CcP(E290K) has a charge-reversal mutation in the tight-binding domain, which should weaken binding, and it weakens the 1:1 complex; K(1) decreases 20-fold at 18 mM ionic strength. We have employed two mutations to probe the proposed location for the weak-binding domain on the CcP surface: (i) D148K, a "detrimental" mutation with a net (+2) change in the charge of CcP, and (ii) K149E, a "beneficial" mutation with a net (-2) change in the charge. The interactions between FeCc and CcP(WT and K149E) also have been studied with ITC. The CcP(D148K) mutation causes no substantial change in the 2:1 binding but an increase in the reactivity of the 2:1 complex. The latter can be interpreted as a long-range influence on the heme environment or, more likely, the enhancement of a minority subset of binding conformations with favorable pathways for ET. CcP(K149E) has a charge-reversal mutation in the weak-binding domain that produces a substantial increase in the 2:1 binding constant as measured by both quenching and ITC. For the 1:1 complex of CcP(WT), DeltaG(1) = -8.2 kcal/mol (K(1) = 1.3 x 10(6) M(-)(1)), DeltaH(1) = +2.7 kcal/mol, and DeltaS(1) = +37 cal/K.mol at 293 K; for the second binding stage, K(2) < 5 x 10(3) M(-)(1), but accurate thermodynamic parameters were not obtained. For the 1:1 complex of CcP(K149E), DeltaG(1) = -8.5 kcal/mol (K(1) = 2 x 10(6) M(-)(1)), DeltaH(1) = +2. 0 kcal/mol, and DeltaS(1) = +36 cal/K.mol; for the second stage, DeltaG(2) = -5.5 kcal/mol (K(1) = 1.3 x 10(4) M(-)(1)), DeltaH(2) = +2.9 kcal/mol, and DeltaS(2) = +29 cal/K.mol.
author list (cited authors)
Leesch, V. W., Bujons, J., Mauk, A. G., & Hoffman, B. M.
complete list of authors
Leesch, VW||Bujons, J||Mauk, AG||Hoffman, BM