Electron-nuclear double resonance studies of oxidized Escherichia coli sulfite reductase: 1H, 14N, and 57Fe measurements. Academic Article uri icon


  • We have employed electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy to study the bridged siroheme--[Fe4S4] cluster that forms the catalytically active center of the oxidized hemoprotein subunit (SiRo) of Escherichia coli NADPH-sulfite reductase. The siroheme 57Fe hyperfine coupling (Az = 27.6 MHz, Ay = 26.8 MHz) is similar to that of other high-spin heme systems (A approximately equal to 27 MHz). Bonding parameters obtained from the 14N hyperfine coupling constants of the siroheme pyrrole nitrogens are consistent with a model of a nonplanar pi system of reduced aromaticity. The absence of hyperfine coupling to the 14N of an axial ligand, such as is observed for the histidine 14N of metmyoglobin (Az = 11.55 MHz), rules out the possibility that imidazolate acts as the bridge between the siroheme and the [Fe4S4] cluster. Proton ENDOR of the deuterium-exchanged protein indicates that H2O does not function as a sixth axial ligand and suggests that the ferrisiroheme is five-coordinate. 57Fe ENDOR measurements confirm the results of Mssbauer spectroscopy for the [Fe4S4] cluster. They also disclose a slight anisotropy of the cluster 57Fe coupling that may be associated with the mechanism by which the siroheme and cluster spins are coupled.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Cline, J. F., Janick, P. A., Siegel, L. M., & Hoffman, B. M.

citation count

  • 34

complete list of authors

  • Cline, JF||Janick, PA||Siegel, LM||Hoffman, BM

publication date

  • December 1985