ENDOR spectroscopic evidence for the position and structure of NG-hydroxy-L-arginine bound to holo-neuronal nitric oxide synthase.
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Recently, we used 35 GHz pulsed 15N ENDOR spectroscopy to determine the position of the reactive guanidino nitrogen of substrate L-arginine relative to the high-spin ferriheme iron of holo-neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) [Tierney, D. L., et al. (1998) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 2983-2984]. Analogous studies of the enzyme-bound reaction intermediate, NG-hydroxy-L-arginine (NOHA), singly labeled with 15N at the hydroxylated nitrogen (denoted NR), show that NR is held 3.8 A from the Fe, closer than the corresponding guanidino N of L-Arg (4.05 A). 1,2H ENDOR of NOHA bound to holo-nNOS in H2O and D2O discloses the presence of a single resolved exchangeable proton (H1) 4.8 A from Fe and very near the heme normal. The ENDOR data indicate that NOHA does not bind as the resonance-stabilized cation in which the terminal nitrogens share a positive charge. ENDOR-determined structural constraints permit two alternate structural models for the interaction of NOHA with the high-spin heme iron. In one model, H1 is assigned to the O-H proton; in the other, it is the NR-H proton. However, the alternatives differ in the placement of the N-O bond relative to the heme iron. Thus, a combination of the ENDOR data with appropriate diffraction studies can achieve a definitive determination of the protonation state of NR and thus of the tautomeric form that is present in the enzyme-NOHA complex. The mechanistic implications of this result are further discussed.
author list (cited authors)
Tierney, D. L., Huang, H., Martasek, P., Masters, B. S., Silverman, R. B., & Hoffman, B. M.
complete list of authors
Tierney, DL||Huang, H||Martasek, P||Masters, BS||Silverman, RB||Hoffman, BM