Quenching as a four-dimensional experiment: application to the multi-domain binding of cytochrome c by cytochrome c peroxidase
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We have presented an expanded view of quenching titration experiments as generating four-dimensional data sets, yielding not curves but 2-D surfaces. To determine the stoichiometry and reactivity for the [CcP, Cc] complex, quenching titration experiments were performed using both the conventional substitution mode (C-mode) where Zn-substituted cytochrome c peroxidase (ZnCcP) is the photoprobe and the inverse substitution mode (I-mode) where Zn-substituted cytochrome c (ZnCc) is the photoprobe. For both modes, titrations were performed in either the normal (N) way where aliquots of the quencher are added into a solution containing a fixed concentration of the probe, or the reverse (R) way where aliquots of the probe are titrated into a solution where the concentration of the quencher is fixed. This leads to the expansion of quenching protocols to include four types of titrations: CN, CR, IN, and IR. Together, the four titrations demonstrate that: (i) Cc reacts at two distinct and non-exclusive surface domains of CcP; (ii) two molecules of Cc can bind simultaneously to CcP; and (iii) the ternary complex is more reactive than the binary complex for the heme-heme ET reaction. © 1997 Elsevier Science S.A. © 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.
author list (cited authors)
Nocek, J. M., Zhou, J. S., & Hoffman, B. M.