Porphyrazinehexamines and Dinitroporphyrazines: Synthesis, Characterization, and Complementary Electrochemistry Academic Article uri icon


  • Unsymmetrical porphyrazines, M[pz(H)(2)(R)(6)], with three substituted pyrroles (substituents, R = -NMe(2), propyl, or 4-tert-butylphenyl) at the periphery and one unsubstituted pyrrole have been synthesized from inexpensive and readily available materials. Linstead crossover macrocyclization of 8 with 9, 11, and 12 gave pigments 1, 3, and 5, respectively. Subsequent demetalation by treatment with TFA gave free-base porphyrazines 2, 4, and 6. Generally, pyrrolines 11 and 12 are better co-cyclization partners and give higher yields for the desired unsymmetrical porphyrazines compared to maleonitriles 9 and 10 when co-cyclized with 8. Nickel porphyrazine 7 was obtained by reaction of 6 with Ni(OAc)(2) in chlorobenzene and dimethylformamide. Both free-base and nickel porphyrazines (6 and 7) were readily nitrated by nitrogen dioxide in CH(2)Cl(2), yielding dinitroporphyrazines 18 and 19, respectively. Electrochemical studies have shown that porphyrazinehexamine 2 is easy to oxidize, having the first oxidation at E(1/2) = - 0.18 V, which is 0.91 and 1.04 V lower than that of 4 and 6, respectively. Dinitroporphyrazine 18, however, displays a 0.6 V of cathodic shift for the two reversible reduction waves compared to those observed for the parent porphyrazine 6.

author list (cited authors)

  • Nie, H., Barrett, A., & Hoffman, B. M.

publication date

  • January 1, 1999 11:11 AM