Assessment of in-situ bioremediation at a refinery waste-contaminated site and an aviation gasoline contaminated site. Academic Article uri icon


  • A combination of geochemical, microbiological and isotopic methods were used to evaluate in-situ bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons at one site contaminated with refinery waste and a second site contaminated with aviation gasoline at Alameda Point, California. At each site, geochemical and microbiological characteristics from four locations in the contaminated zone were compared to those from two uncontaminated background locations. At both sites, the geochemical indicators of in-situ biodegradation included depleted soil gas and groundwater oxygen, elevated groundwater alkalinity, and elevated soil gas carbon dioxide and methane in the contaminated zone relative to the background. Radiocarbon content of methane and carbon dioxide measured in soil gas at both sites indicated that they were derived from hydrocarbon contaminant degradation. Direct microscopy of soil core samples using cell wall stains and activity stains, revealed elevated microbial numbers and enhanced microbial activities in contaminated areas relative to background areas, corroborating geochemical findings. While microbial plate counts and microcosm studies using soil core samples provided laboratory evidence for the presence of some microbial activity and contaminant degradation abilities, they did not correlate well with either contaminant location, geochemical, isotopic, or direct microscopy data.

published proceedings

  • Biodegradation

author list (cited authors)

  • Bhupathiraju, V. K., Krauter, P., Holman, H., Conrad, M. E., Daley, P. F., Templeto, A. S., ... Alvarez-Cohen, L.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Bhupathiraju, Vishvesh K||Krauter, Paula||Holman, Hoi-Ying N||Conrad, Mark E||Daley, Paul F||Templeto, Alexis S||Hunt, James R||Hernandez, Mark||Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

publication date

  • April 2002