Characterization of four TCE-dechlorinating microbial enrichments grown with different cobalamin stress and methanogenic conditions. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • To investigate the important supportive microorganisms responsible for trichloroethene (TCE) bioremediation under specific environmental conditions and their relationship with Dehalococcoides (Dhc), four stable and robust enrichment cultures were generated using contaminated groundwater. Enrichments were maintained under four different conditions exploring two parameters: high and low TCE amendments (resulting in inhibited and uninhibited methanogenic activity, respectively) and with and without vitamin B amendment. Lactate was supplied as the electron donor. All enrichments were capable of reductively dechlorinating TCE to vinyl chloride and ethene. The dechlorination rate and ethene generation were higher, and the proportion of electrons used for dechlorination increased when methanogenesis was inhibited. Biologically significant cobalamin biosynthesis was detected in the enrichments without B amendment. Comparative genomics using a genus-wide microarray revealed a Dhc genome similar to that of strain 195 in all enrichments, a strain that lacks the major upstream corrin ring biosynthesis pathway. Seven other bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected using clone libraries. OTUs closest to Pelosinus, Dendrosporobacter, and Sporotalea (PDS) were most dominant. The Clostridium-like OTU was most affected by B amendment and active methanogenesis. Principal component analysis revealed that active methanogenesis, rather than vitamin B limitation, exerted a greater effect on the community structures even though methanogens did not seem to play an essential role in providing corrinoids to Dhc. In contrast, acetogenic bacteria that were abundant in the enrichments, such as PDS and Clostridium sp., may be potential corrinoid providers for Dhc.

published proceedings

  • Appl Microbiol Biotechnol

altmetric score

  • 3.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Men, Y., Lee, P., Harding, K. C., & Alvarez-Cohen, L.

citation count

  • 47

complete list of authors

  • Men, Yujie||Lee, Patrick KH||Harding, Katie C||Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

publication date

  • July 2013