Acute activation of gp130 gene expression in bone marrow stromal cells by contact with myeloma-derived lymphoblastic cell line ARH77 cell membranes.
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Cell-cell contact of myeloma-derived cell lines (MDCL) or fresh myeloma cells with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) is known to induce interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) production by a marrow stromal cell line. To determine if other BMSC transcripts are altered during cell-cell contact between BMSC and tumor cells, we have used cell lines ARH77 and U266 in an in vitro model. Using mRNA differential display and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), it was determined that a total of 141 transcripts were either upregulated or downregulated in the BMSC on contact with cell membrane from cell lines ARH77 and U266. Induction of two of these transcripts, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and gp130 in the BMSC by ARH77 cell membranes was studied in greater detail. Real-time PCR was used to quantitate transcript levels of gp130, IL-6, and 36b4, a housekeeping gene. Cycloheximide (CHX) alone increased both gp130 and IL-6 transcripts in the BMSC. In addition, CHX caused a superinduction of these transcripts in BMSC exposed to ARH77 cell membranes. The induction of gp130 was independent of the increase in IL-6 mRNA. Upregulation of gp130, a component of the membrane receptors for the IL-6 superfamily, can have profound effects on the response of BMSC to the IL-6 superfamily of cytokines.