Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of filamin in mammalian smooth muscle.
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Filamin is a high molecular weight actin-binding protein found in large quantities in smooth muscle and other non-muscle cells. We have studied the phosphorylation of filamin in a mammalian smooth muscle, the guinea pig vas deferens. Intact vas deferens incorporated [32P]orthophosphate into filamin. Incubation of particulate fractions of vas deferens with [gamma-32P]ATP resulted in 32P-labeling of filamin. Cyclic AMP stimulated this phosphorylation, whereas cyclic GMP and Ca2+ had no effect. Purified vas deferens filamin can be phosphorylated by purified cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. We have compared cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP effects on phosphorylation in smooth muscle. Cyclic GMP stimulated phosphorylation of two particulate proteins, G-I (Mr = 130,000) a protein previously described by Casnellie, J. E., and Greengard, P. (1974) Proc. Natl. Acad, Sci. U.S.A. 71, 1891-1895 and G-III (Mr = 240,000). Both proteins and the kinase responsible for their phosphorylation appear to be membrane-bound. Phosphorylation of both proteins is stimulated by cyclic GMP (Ka = 3 x 10(-8) M), cyclic AMP (Ka = 3 x 10(-7) M), and to a lesser degree by Ca2+. In contrast, filamin phosphorylation is due to a soluble kinase stimulated only by cyclic AMP (Ka = 3 x 10(-7) M) and not by cyclic GMP or Ca2+.