Isolation and characterization of cDNA clones to mouse macrophage and human endothelial cell tissue transglutaminases.
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The deduced amino acid sequences for tissue transglutaminases from human endothelial cells and mouse macrophages have been derived from cloned cDNAs. Northern blot analysis of both tissue transglutaminases shows a message size of approximately 3.6-3.7 kilobases. The molecular weights calculated from the deduced amino acid sequences were 77,253 for human endothelial tissue transglutaminase and 76,699 for mouse macrophage tissue transglutaminase. The deduced amino acid sequence for the human endothelial transglutaminase was confirmed by comparison with the amino acid sequence obtained by cyanogen bromide digestion of the human erythrocyte transglutaminase. The amino acid sequences of both human endothelial and mouse macrophage tissue transglutaminases were compared to other transglutaminases. A very high degree of homology was found between human endothelial, mouse macrophage, and guinea pig liver tissue transglutaminase (greater than 80%). Moreover, human endothelial tissue transglutaminase was compared with human Factor XIIIa and a very high degree of homology (75% identity) was found in the active site region.