Kinetic mechanism and rate-limiting steps of focal adhesion kinase-1. Academic Article uri icon


  • Steady-state kinetic analysis of focal adhesion kinase-1 (FAK1) was performed using radiometric measurement of phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide substrate (Ac-RRRRRRSETDDYAEIID-NH(2), FAK-tide) which corresponds to the sequence of an autophosphorylation site in FAK1. Initial velocity studies were consistent with a sequential kinetic mechanism, for which apparent kinetic values k(cat) (0.052 +/- 0.001 s(-1)), K(MgATP) (1.2 +/- 0.1 microM), K(iMgATP) (1.3 +/- 0.2 microM), K(FAK-tide) (5.6 +/- 0.4 microM), and K(iFAK-tide) (6.1 +/- 1.1 microM) were obtained. Product and dead-end inhibition data indicated that enzymatic phosphorylation of FAK-tide by FAK1 was best described by a random bi bi kinetic mechanism, for which both E-MgADP-FAK-tide and E-MgATP-P-FAK-tide dead-end complexes form. FAK1 catalyzed the betagamma-bridge:beta-nonbridge positional oxygen exchange of [gamma-(18)O(4)]ATP in the presence of 1 mM [gamma-(18)O(4)]ATP and 1.5 mM FAK-tide with a progressive time course which was commensurate with catalysis, resulting in a rate of exchange to catalysis of k(x)/k(cat) = 0.14 +/- 0.01. These results indicate that phosphoryl transfer is reversible and that a slow kinetic step follows formation of the E-MgADP-P-FAK-tide complex. Further kinetic studies performed in the presence of the microscopic viscosogen sucrose revealed that solvent viscosity had no effect on k(cat)/K(FAK-tide), while k(cat) and k(cat)/K(MgATP) were both decreased linearly at increasing solvent viscosity. Crystallographic characterization of inactive versus AMP-PNP-liganded structures of FAK1 showed that a large conformational motion of the activation loop upon ATP binding may be an essential step during catalysis and would explain the viscosity effect observed on k(cat)/K(m) for MgATP but not on k(cat)/K(m) for FAK-tide. From the positional isotope exchange, viscosity, and structural data it may be concluded that enzyme turnover (k(cat)) is rate-limited by both reversible phosphoryl group transfer (k(forward) approximately 0.2 s(-1) and k(reverse) approximately 0.04 s(-1)) and a slow step (k(conf) approximately 0.1 s(-1)) which is probably the opening of the activation loop after phosphoryl group transfer but preceding product release.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Schneck, J. L., Briand, J., Chen, S., Lehr, R., McDevitt, P., Zhao, B., ... Thrall, S. H.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Schneck, Jessica L||Briand, Jacques||Chen, Stephanie||Lehr, Ruth||McDevitt, Patrick||Zhao, Baoguang||Smallwood, Angela||Concha, Nestor||Oza, Khyati||Kirkpatrick, Robert||Yan, Kang||Villa, James P||Meek, Thomas D||Thrall, Sara H

publication date

  • August 2010