Chromophoric peptide substrates for the spectrophotometric assay of HIV-1 protease
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Purified HIV-1 protease hydrolyzes H-Ser-Gln-Asn-Leu-Phe(NO2)-Leu-Asp-Gly-NH2 (Peptide 1) and acetyl-Arg-Lys-Ile-Leu-Phe(NO2)-Leu-Asp-Gly-NH2 (Peptide 2) between the (p-nitro)phenylalanyl and leucyl residues. The cleavage of Peptides 1 and 2 resulted in a decrease in uv absorbance at 310 nm. The HIV-1 protease-catalyzed peptidolysis of Peptides 1 and 2 was characterized by a linear time course at substrate turnover of less than 20%. The solubilities of these substrates at pH 5.0 were sufficient to provide initial rate measurements over a concentration range of 0.05-0.5 mM. Steady-state kinetic data and inhibition constants using both spectrophotometric and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the peptidolysis of these substrates resulted in comparable values.
author list (cited authors)
Tomaszek, T. A., Magaard, V. W., Bryan, H. G., Moore, M. L., & Meek, T. D.