Purification, characterization, and kinetic analysis of inosine 5′-monophosphate dehydrogenase of Tritrichomonas foetus
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The IMP dehydrogenase of Tritrichomonas foetus, a parasitic protozoan incapable of de novo biosynthesis of purine nucleotides, has been purified about 1000-fold to apparent homogeneity. The purified enzyme demonstrated a 20-fold higher substrate turnover rate than the pure IMP dehydrogenase from sarcoma ascites tumor cells. It has a subunit molecular weight of 58,000, aggregates to a size of 380,000 at low ionic strength, and partly dissociates to a molecular weight of 270,000 in high salt concentrations. Unlike the IMP dehydrogenase of bacteria and mammals, the T. foetus enzyme does not require K+ for activity. The analysis of initial velocity and product inhibition data is consistent with a sequential, ordered bi bi kinetic mechanism for the parasite enzyme-catalyzed reaction, in which IMP binds before NAD+ and NADH is released before XMP. This is in contrast to the partially random mechanism of the bacterial enzyme which involves the formation of an enzyme-K+-(IMP) complex. Mycophenolic acid inhibits T. foetus IMP dehydrogenase uncompetitively versus both IMP and NAD+ with an apparent Ki of 9 microM. This value, which is several hundred-fold higher than that for mammalian IMP dehydrogenase, suggests significantly different binding properties of the mycophenolic acid site in T. foetus IMP dehydrogenase, which might be amenable to specific inhibitor design.
author list (cited authors)
Verham, R., Meek, T. D., Hedstrom, L., & Wang, C. C.