The amino acid sequence of the polypeptide segment which regulates membrane adhesion (grana stacking) in chloroplasts.
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A positively charged amino acid sequence, located on the NH2 terminus of the polypeptides of the chlorophyll a/b light harvesting complex, stabilizes thylakoid membrane adhesion. Threonine residues in this segment are the site of light-induced, reversible phosphorylation; this covalent modification results in changes in excitation-energy distribution in chloroplast membranes. Removal of the positively charged peptide by treatment with trypsin or chemical modification of amino acids in the sequence disrupts thylakoid adhesion and inhibits regulation of excitation-energy distribution. Purified preparations of the chlorophyll a/b light harvesting complex consist of 2 major polypeptides of 27 and 26 kDa and 2 minor polypeptides of 29 and 25 kDa (based upon sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). Trypsin treatment of the isolated chlorophyll proteins decreases the apparent molecular mass of the 27- and 26-kDa polypeptides by 1-1.5 kDa and releases 3 peptides; [Lys, Arg], Ser-Ala-Thr-Thr-Lys-Lys, and Ser-Ala-Thr-Thr-Lys. These peptides probably form the overlap sequence, [Lys, Arg]-Ser-Ala-Thr-Thr-Lys-Lys. The polypeptides of the chlorophyll a/b light-harvesting complex were separated by isoelectric focusing into 5 chlorophyll protein fractions which had isoelectric points between 4.0 and 4.55. The 27-kDa polypeptides had an isoelectric point of 4.3, and bound 11 chlorophyll molecules/polypeptide.
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