Sulfur Metabolism Actively Promotes Initiation of Cell Division in Yeast Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Sulfur metabolism is required for initiation of cell division, but whether or not it can actively promote cell division remains unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we show that yeast cells with more mtDNA have an expanded reductive phase of their metabolic cycle and an increased sulfur metabolic flux. We also show that in wild type cells manipulations of sulfur metabolic flux phenocopy the enhanced growth rate of cells with more mtDNA. Furthermore, introduction of a hyperactive cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) allele in wild type cells accelerates initiation of DNA replication. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results reveal a novel connection between a key sulfur metabolic enzyme, CBS, and the cell cycle. Since the analogous hyperactive CBS allele in human CBS suppresses other disease-causing CBS mutations, our findings may be relevant for human pathology. Taken together, our results demonstrate the importance of sulfur metabolism in actively promoting initiation of cell division.

author list (cited authors)

  • Blank, H. M., Gajjar, S., Belyanin, A., & Polymenis, M.

citation count

  • 11

publication date

  • November 2009