MgATP and fructose 6-phosphate interactions with phosphofructokinase from Escherichia coli. Academic Article uri icon


  • A thermodynamic linked-function analysis is presented of the interactions of MgATP and fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P) with phosphofructokinase (PFK) from Escherichia coli in the absence of allosteric effectors. MgATP and Fru-6-P are shown to bind in random fashion by product inhibition of the back-reaction as well as by the kinetically competent binding of each ligand individually as monitored by the consequent changes in the intrinsic fluorescence of E. coli PFK. When Fru-6-P is saturating, the dissociation of MgATP is sufficiently slow that it cannot achieve a binding equilibrium in the steady state, causing the observed Km (49 microM) to significantly exceed the Kd (1.7 microM) deduced from a thermodynamic linkage analysis. The following features distinguish the interactions of MgATP and Fru-6-P with E. coli PFK: MgATP and Fru-6-P antagonize each other's binding to the enzyme in a saturable manner with an overall apparent coupling free energy equal to +2.5 kcal/mol at 25 degrees C; MgATP induces positive cooperativity in the Fru-6-P binding profile, with the Hill coefficient calculated from the Fru-6-P binding curves reaching a maximum of 3.6 when MgATP is saturating; and MgATP exhibits substrate inhibition at low concentrations of Fru-6-P. Simulations based upon the rate equation pertaining to a two-active-site, two-substrate dimer indicate that these features can all result from two independent couplings: an antagonistic MgATP-Fru-6-P coupling extending at least in part between active sites and a MgATP-induced Fru-6-P-Fru-6-P coupling.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Johnson, J. L., & Reinhart, G. D.

citation count

  • 34

complete list of authors

  • Johnson, JL||Reinhart, GD

publication date

  • November 1992