Achieving Amphibious Superprotonic Conductivity in a CuI Metal–Organic Framework by Strategic Pyrazinium Salt Impregnation
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Treatment of a pyrazine (pz)-impregnated CuI metal-organic framework (MOF) ([1⊃pz]) with HCl vapor renders an interstitial pyrazinium chloride salt-hybridized MOF ([1⊃pz⋅6 HCl]) that exhibits proton conductivity over 10-2 S cm-1 both in anhydrous and under humid conditions. Framework [1⊃pz⋅6 HCl] features the highest anhydrous proton conductivity among the lesser-known examples of MOF-based materials exhibiting proton conductivity under both anhydrous and humid conditions. Moreover, [1⊃pz] and corresponding pyrazinium sulfate- and pyrazinium phosphate-hybridized MOFs also exhibit superprotonic conductivity over 10-2 S cm-1 under humid conditions. The impregnated pyrazinium ions play a crucial role in protonic conductivity, which occurs through a Grotthuss mechanism.
author list (cited authors)
Khatua, S., Bar, A. K., Sheikh, J. A., Clearfield, A., & Konar, S.