The Seniors' Outdoor Survey (SOS Tool): A Proposed Weighting and Scoring Framework to Assess Outdoor Environments in Residential Care Settings Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Spending time outdoors offers substantial health benefits for older adults. However, in long-term care settings, outdoor areas may fail to adequately support elderly residents' needs and preferences. The Seniors' Outdoor Survey (SOS Tool) was recently developed to help users evaluate outdoor areas and indooroutdoor connections in residential facilities for seniors, by rating 60 environmental features on a 17 scale. This article proposes a weighting strategy to approximate the relative importance of different items on the tool, according to their potential level of support for resident usage and preferences. A standardized scoring system will allow multiple stakeholders to apply the results to research, design, construction, and renovation projects.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Bardenhagen, E., Rodiek, S., Nejati, A., & Lee, C.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Bardenhagen, Eric||Rodiek, Susan||Nejati, Adeleh||Lee, Chanam

publication date

  • January 1, 2018 11:11 AM