Down-regulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 increases susceptibility to palmitic-acid-induced lipotoxicity in human trophoblast cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • In early pregnancy, adequate dietary factors are important for the growth of human trophoblast cells, followed by placental development. Although stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is expected to relieve palmitic acid (PA)-induced lipotoxicity by regulating diacylglycerol and ceramide, its function is unclear in human trophoblast cells. The aim was to investigate inhibitory effects of SCD1 activity on PA-induced trophoblast cell death. PA induces cell death and inhibits the invasion of human trophoblast cells (HTR8/SVneo). In addition, we demonstrate that SCD1 has a protective role against PA in human trophoblast cells by regulating AKT-mediated signaling pathway and mitochondrial membrane potential. The knockdown of SCD1 enhances the proapoptotic activity of PA in HTR8/SVneo cells. Lastly, we investigated microRNA expression predicted to target SCD1 and diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) by PA. Collectively, the results suggest potential roles of SCD1 and DGAT1 in alleviating the toxicity of PA and maintaining lipid homeostasis for normal placentation.

published proceedings

  • J Nutr Biochem

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Yang, C., Lim, W., Bazer, F. W., & Song, G.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Yang, Changwon||Lim, Whasun||Bazer, Fuller W||Song, Gwonhwa

publication date

  • April 2018