Assessment of body fat composition in crossbred Angus × Nellore using biometric measurements
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This study was conducted to assess the body and empty body fat physical and chemical composition through biometric measurements (BM) as well as postmortem measurements taken in 40 F Angus × Nellore bulls and steers. The animals used were 12.5 ± 0.51 mo of age, with an average shrunk BW of 233 ± 23.5 and 238 ± 24.6 kg for bulls and steers, respectively. Animals were fed 60:40 ratio of corn silage to concentrate diets. Eight animals (4 bulls and 4 steers) were slaughtered at the beginning of the trial, and the remaining animals were randomly assigned to a 1 + 2 × 3 factorial arrangement (1 reference group, 2 sexes, and 3 slaughter weights). The remaining animals were slaughtered when the average BW of the group reached 380 ± 19.5 (6 bulls and 5 steers), 440 ± 19.2 (6 bulls and 5 steers), and 500 ± 19.5 kg (5 bulls and 5 steers). Before the slaughter, the animals were led through a squeeze chute in which BM were taken, including hook bone width (HBW), pin bone width, abdomen width (AW), body length (BL), rump height, height at the withers, pelvic girdle length (PGL), rib depth (RD), girth circumference (GC), rump depth, body diagonal length (BDL), and thorax width. Additionally, the following postmortem measurements were obtained: total body surface (TBS), body volume (BV), subcutaneous fat (SF), internal physical fat (InF), intermuscular fat, carcass physical fat (CF), empty body physically separable fat (EBF), carcass chemical fat (CFch), empty body chemical fat (EBFch), fat thickness in the 12th rib, and 9th to 11th rib section fat. The equations were developed using a stepwise procedure to select the variables that should enter into the model. The and root mean square error (RMSE) were used to account for precision and accuracy. The ranges for and RMSE were 0.852 to 0.946 and 0.0625 to 0.103 m, respectively for TBS; 0.942 to 0.998 and 0.004 to 0.022 m, respectively, for BV; 0.767 to 0.967 and 2.70 to 3.24 kg, respectively, for SF; 0.816 to 0.900 and 3.04 to 4.12 kg, respectively, for InF; 0.830 to 0.988 and 3.44 to 8.39 kg, respectively, for CF; 0.861 to 0.998 and 1.51 to 10.98 kg, respectively, for EBF; 0.825 to 0.985 and 5.96 to 8.46 kg, respectively, for CFch; and 0.862 to 0.992 and 5.54 to 12.19 kg, respectively, for EBFch. Our results indicated that BM that could accurately and precisely be used as alternatives to predict different fat depots of F Angus × Nellore bulls and steers are AW, GC, or PGL for CF estimation; HBW and RD for CFch estimation; and body lengths such as BL and BDL for InF and SF estimation, respectively.
author list (cited authors)
Fonseca, M. A., Tedeschi, L. O., Filho, S., De Paula, N. F., Villadiego, F., Junior, J., Abreu, D. C., & Chizzotti, M. L.