Flour for pesos: Precarious Atlantic financial interdependency and the provisioning of the Leclerc Expedition, 1802–1803 Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2017, © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Provisioning European troops with wheat flour at the time of the 1802–1803 French expedition to suppress the Haitian Revolution became entangled with trans-imperial and transnational politics, finance, credit relations, and trade in the Atlantic. Following the paths of letters of exchange from Europe to Saint-Domingue, the US, New Spain, and Cuba issued to subsidize French efforts to provision this expedition illustrates how the navies and armies that fought revolutionary wars impelled Atlantic interdependency that relied on precarious credit networks. This article foregrounds the centrality of New Spain and Cuba to both the Spanish empire and the Atlantic economy and reveals how colonial peripheries could function as powerful centers.

altmetric score

  • 1.1

author list (cited authors)

  • Bouton, C. A.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • October 2018