Evaluacin de la poltica comercial de Mxico respecto al mercado de maz
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In order to analyze how the commercial policy, the exchange rate and transports costs affect the Mexican maize market a model of spatial and intertemporal equilibrium is validated and used for the average year 1998-2000. The results indicate that maize market is sensitive to commercial policy and exchange rate. In contrast, with a government control over maize imports, an increase in costs of transportation from the ports of entry to the cities where the imports are consumed would have little effect on the maize market, although it would affect the composition of the imports by port and border. If in 1998-2000 the quota established by NAFTA had been respected the production would have been 1.2 million tons higher, although the consumption would have dropped by 1 million tons, compared with the levels in 1998-2000. A free trade policy in 1998-2000 would have put maize imports at 6.4 million tons.