School Climate, Deployment, and Mental Health Among Students in Military-Connected Schools Academic Article uri icon


  • Research has found that when compared with civilian students, military-connected students in the United States have more negative mental health outcomes, stemming from the stress of military life events (i.e., deployment). To date, studies on military-connected youth have not examined the role of protective factors within the school environment, such as school climate, in the mental health and well-being of military-connected adolescents. Given this gap in the research on military adolescents, this study draws from a large sample of military and non-military secondary adolescents in military-connected schools ( N = 14,943) and examines associations between school climate, military connection, deployment, and mental health. Findings show that multiple components of school climate are associated with a lower likelihood of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and increased likelihood of well-being among students in military-connected schools, after controlling for student demographics, military connection, and deployments. The authors conclude with a discussion of school climate interventions for military-connected youth.

published proceedings

  • Youth & Society

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • De Pedro, K. T., Astor, R. A., Gilreath, T. D., Benbenishty, R., & Berkowitz, R.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • De Pedro, Kris Tunac||Astor, Ron Avi||Gilreath, Tamika D||Benbenishty, Rami||Berkowitz, Ruth

publication date

  • January 2018