Shear-Thinning and Thermo-Reversible Nanoengineered Inks for 3D Bioprinting. Academic Article uri icon


  • Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an emerging approach for rapid fabrication of complex tissue structures using cell-loaded bioinks. However, 3D bioprinting has hit a bottleneck in progress because of the lack of suitable bioinks that are printable, have high shape fidelity, and are mechanically resilient. In this study, we introduce a new family of nanoengineered bioinks consisting of kappa-carrageenan (CA) and two-dimensional (2D) nanosilicates (nSi). CA is a biocompatible, linear, sulfated polysaccharide derived from red algae and can undergo thermo-reversible and ionic gelation. The shear-thinning characteristics of CA were tailored by nanosilicates to develop a printable bioink. By tuning CA-nanosilicate ratios, the thermo-reversible gelation of the bioink can be controlled to obtain high printability and shape retention characteristics. The unique aspect of the nanoengineered CA-nSi bioink is its ability to print physiologically-relevant-scale tissue constructs without requiring secondary supports. We envision that nanoengineered CA-nanosilicate bioinks can be used to 3D print complex, large-scale, cell-laden tissue constructs with high structural fidelity and tunable mechanical stiffness for regenerative medicine.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

altmetric score

  • 15.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Wilson, S. A., Cross, L. M., Peak, C. W., & Gaharwar, A. K.

citation count

  • 199

complete list of authors

  • Wilson, Scott A||Cross, Lauren M||Peak, Charles W||Gaharwar, Akhilesh K

publication date

  • December 2017