Late-time Flattening of Type Ia Supernova Light Curves: Constraints from SN 2014J in M82 Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract The very nearby Type Ia supernova 2014J in M82 offers a rare opportunity to study the physics of thermonuclear supernovae at extremely late phases (800 days). Using the Hubble Space Telescope, we obtained 6 epochs of high-precision photometry for SN 2014J from 277 days to 1181 days past the B-band maximum light. The reprocessing of electrons and X-rays emitted by the radioactive decay chain is needed to explain the significant flattening of both the F606W-band and the pseudo-bolometric light curves. The flattening confirms previous predictions that the late-time evolution of type Ia supernova luminosities requires additional energy input from the decay of 57Co. By assuming the F606W-band luminosity scales with the bolometric luminosity at 500 days after the B-band maximum light, a mass ratio is required. This mass ratio is roughly 3 times the solar ratio and favors a progenitor white dwarf with a mass near the Chandrasekhar limit. A similar fit using the constructed pseudo-bolometric luminosity gives a mass ratio . Astrometric tests based on the multi-epoch HST ACS/WFC images reveal no significant circumstellar light echoes in between 0.3 and 100 pc from the supernova.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 22.946

author list (cited authors)

  • Yang, Y. i., Wang, L., Baade, D., Brown, P. J., Cikota, A., Cracraft, M., ... Wheeler, J. C.

citation count

  • 33

complete list of authors

  • Yang, Yi||Wang, Lifan||Baade, Dietrich||Brown, Peter J||Cikota, Aleksandar||Cracraft, Misty||Hoflich, Peter A||Maund, Justyn R||Patat, Ferdinando||Sparks, William B||Spyromilio, Jason||Stevance, Heloise F||Wang, Xiaofeng||Wheeler, J Craig

publication date

  • January 2018