Nonadiabatic approach to quantum optical information storage
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We show that there is no need for adiabatic passage in the storage and retrieval of information in the optically thick vapor of Lambda-type atoms. This information can be mapped into and retrieved out of long-lived atomic coherence with nearly perfect efficiency by strong writing and reading pulses with steep rising and falling edges. We elucidate similarities and differences between the “adiabatic” and “instant” light storage techniques, and conclude that for any switching time, an almost perfect information storage is possible if the group velocity of the signal pulse is much less than the speed of light in the vacuum c and the bandwidth of the signal pulse is much less then the width of the two-photon resonance. The maximum loss of the information appears in the case of instantaneous switching of the writing and reading fields compared with adiabatic switching, and is determined by the ratio of the initial group velocity of the signal pulse in the medium and speed of light in the vacuum c, which can be very small. Quantum restrictions to the storage efficiency are also discussed. © 2001 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Matsko, A., Rostovtsev, Y., Kocharovskaya, O., Zibrov, A., & Scully, M
complete list of authors
Matsko, A||Rostovtsev, Y||Kocharovskaya, O||Zibrov, A||Scully, M