Supporting Indirect Collaborative Design With Integrated Knowledge-Based Design Environments
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We are developing a conceptual framework and a demonstration system for collaboration among members of design teams when direct communication among these members is impossible or impractical. Our research focuses on the long-term, indirect communication needs of project teams rather than the short-term needs of face-to-face communication or electronic mail. We address these needs with integrated, domainoriented design environments. Our conceptual framework and our system-building efforts address two major issues: (a) How does individual work blend into project work (especially in large projects that span great distances and time)? and (b) What role do the work objects play in this coordination? We use a specific domainoriented design environment (NETWORK-HYDRA -for the design of computer networks) to illustrate our approach, and we discuss HYDRA as the underlying domain-independent, multifaceted architecture for design environments. © 1992, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Fischer, G., Grudin, J., Lemke, A., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Reeves, B., & Shipman, F.