Implantation of a permanent transvenous pacing catheter in a horse with complete heart block and syncope. Academic Article uri icon


  • A permanent, transvenous, atrioventricular, sequential pacing system was implanted successfully in a 7-year-old Quarter Horse gelding with complete heart block. The transvenous atrial and ventricular electrodes were placed in their respective positions in the heart, using real-time, 2-dimensional echocardiography. The horse was able to return successfully to competition as a show horse.

published proceedings

  • J Am Vet Med Assoc

author list (cited authors)

  • Reef, V. B., Clark, E. S., Oliver, J. A., & Donawick, W. J.

citation count

  • 36

complete list of authors

  • Reef, VB||Clark, ES||Oliver, JA||Donawick, WJ

publication date

  • August 1986