Esophageal manometry in horses, cows, and sheep during deglutition.
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Esophageal pressure events during deglutition were evaluated in healthy adult animals (6 horses, 6 cattle, and 5 sheep), using a 3-side hole catheter assembly perfused with water by use of a hydraulic-capillary infusion system. The peak postdeglutition pressure, contraction time, and contraction length were determined for the cranial and caudal esophageal sphincter regions and for each functionally different region within the body of the esophagus. The percentage of deglutitions in which relaxation developed at the sphincter regions and the propagation speed (velocity at which pressure waves traversed the esophagus) for the regions within the body of the esophagus also were determined. Mean (+/- SEM) resting pressures within the cranial and caudal esophageal sphincter regions in the horse were 84.8 +/- 4.39 and 12.7 +/- 0.61 mm of Hg, respectively, with postdeglutition peaks of 208.0 +/- 4.78 and 100.0 +/- 1.06 mm of Hg, respectively. Peak postdeglutition pressure was 92.3 +/- 1.59 mm of Hg in the cranial two thirds of the esophageal body and 100.9 +/- 1.31 mm of Hg in the caudal third. Mean resting pressure of the cranial esophageal sphincter region in the cow was 82.0 +/- 7.81 mm of Hg, whereas that of the caudal esophageal sphincter region was 20.5 +/- 0.36 mm of Hg. The peak postdeglutition pressures for the cranial esophageal sphincter region, proximal portion of the esophageal body, caudal portion of the esophageal body, and caudal esophageal sphincter region in the bovine esophagus were 238.1 +/- 2.93, 105.4 +/- 1.97, 114.5 +/- 1.49, and 112.0 +/- 1.20 mm of Hg, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Clark, E. S., Morris, D. D., & Whitlock, R. H.
complete list of authors
Clark, ES||Morris, DD||Whitlock, RH