Aggregated Indexing of Biomedical Time Series Data. Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • Remote and wearable medical sensing has the potential to create very large and high dimensional datasets. Medical time series databases must be able to efficiently store, index, and mine these datasets to enable medical professionals to effectively analyze data collected from their patients. Conventional high dimensional indexing methods are a two stage process. First, a superset of the true matches is efficiently extracted from the database. Second, supersets are pruned by comparing each of their objects to the query object and rejecting any objects falling outside a predetermined radius. This pruning stage heavily dominates the computational complexity of most conventional search algorithms. Therefore, indexing algorithms can be significantly improved by reducing the amount of pruning. This paper presents an online algorithm to aggregate biomedical times series data to significantly reduce the search space (index size) without compromising the quality of search results. This algorithm is built on the observation that biomedical time series signals are composed of cyclical and often similar patterns. This algorithm takes in a stream of segments and groups them to highly concentrated collections. Locality Sensitive Hashing (LSH) is used to reduce the overall complexity of the algorithm, allowing it to run online. The output of this aggregation is used to populate an index. The proposed algorithm yields logarithmic growth of the index (with respect to the total number of objects) while keeping sensitivity and specificity simultaneously above 98%. Both memory and runtime complexities of time series search are improved when using aggregated indexes. In addition, data mining tasks, such as clustering, exhibit runtimes that are orders of magnitudes faster when run on aggregated indexes.

name of conference

  • 2012 IEEE Second International Conference on Healthcare Informatics, Imaging and Systems Biology (HISB)

published proceedings

  • Proc IEEE Int Conf Healthc Inform Imaging Syst Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Woodbridge, J., Mortazavi, B., Sarrafzadeh, M., & Bui, A.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Woodbridge, Jonathan||Mortazavi, Bobak||Sarrafzadeh, Majid||Bui, Alex AT

publication date

  • September 2012

publisher