Canine Elbow Dysplasia: Anatomy and Pathogenesis
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Canine elbow dysplasia is a complex of diseases that includes ununited anconeal process, fragmented medial coronoid process, osteochondrosis of the medial humeral condyle, and elbow incongruity. Three causes of elbow dysplasia have been proposed: osteochondrosis, trochlear notch dysplasia, and asynchronous growth of the radius and ulna. Genetics, nutritional imbalance, growth disturbances, and trauma may influence the development and expression of elbow dysplasia.
Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian
author list (cited authors)
Todd Trostel, C., McLaughlin, R. M., & Pool, R. R.
complete list of authors
Todd Trostel, C||McLaughlin, RM||Pool, RR