Effect of gentamicin sulfate and sodium bicarbonate on the synovium of clinically normal equine antebrachiocarpal joints. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The effect of gentamicin sulfate, unbuffered and buffered with sodium bicarbonate, on synovial fluid and membrane of clinically normal equine joints was evaluated. Thirty-six adult horses with clinically normal antebrachiocarpal joints were allotted to 6 treatment groups of 6 horses each. One antebrachiocarpal joint in each horse was chosen for treatment. Group-1 horses were given gentamicin (3 ml; 50 mg/ml); group-2 horses were given sodium bicarbonate (3 ml; 1 mEq/ml); group-3 horses were given gentamicin (3 ml; 50 mg/ml) and sodium bicarbonate (3 ml; 1 mEq/ml); group-4 horses were not treated; and horses of groups 5 and 6 were given polyionic physiologic solution (3 and 6 ml, respectively). Synovial fluid specimens were obtained from 5 horses of each group for cytologic analysis at postinjection hours (PIH) 0, 24, 72, and 192 and for pH determination at PIH 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 4, 8, 24, 72, and 192. The sixth horse of each group was euthanatized at PIH 24, and the synovial membrane of the treated and contralateral (nontreated) antebrachiocarpal joints was examined macroscopically and microscopically. After intra-articular gentamicin administration, the mean synovial fluid pH was lowest (5.98) at PIH 0.25, but by PIH 8, it was not significantly different from the control value (group-5 horses). When sodium bicarbonate was combined with gentamicin before intra-articular administration, the mean synovial fluid pH was lowest (7.07) at PIH 0.25, but by PIH 1, it was not significantly different from the control value (group-6 horses).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

published proceedings

  • Am J Vet Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Lloyd, K. C., Stover, S. M., Pascoe, J. R., Pool, R. R., & Kurpershoek, C.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Lloyd, KC||Stover, SM||Pascoe, JR||Pool, RR||Kurpershoek, C

publication date

  • May 1988