The enhancement effect of pp38 gene product on the activity of its upstream bi-directional promoter in Marek's disease virus.
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There was a bi-directional promoter between gene 38 kd phosphorylated protein (pp38) gene and 1.8-kb mRNA transcript gene family in the genome of Marek's disease virus (MDV). In this study, enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) reporter plamids, pP(pp38)-EGFP and pP(1.8-kb)-EGFP, were constructed under this bi-directional promoter in two directions. The two plasmids were transfected into uninfected chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF), MDV clone rMd5 infected CEF (rMd5-CEF) and pp38-deleted derivative rMd5deltapp38 infected CEF (rMd5deltapp38-CEF) respectively. Transfection analysis showed that EGFP was only expressed in rMd5-CEF, and no EGFP could be detected in uninfected CEF or rMd5deltapp38-CEF, implying that pp38 was a factor influencing the activity of the promoter. The pp38-expressing recombinant plasmid pcDNA-pp38 was constructed to co-transfect CEF or rMd5deltapp38-CEF with pP(pp38)-EGFP or pP(1.8-kb)-EGFP. In this case, EGFP could be detected only in rMd5deltapp38-CEF but still not in uninfected CEF, implying that pp38 needs other protein(s) to work together for the complete trans-acting activity. Another MDV gene, 24 kd phosphorylated protein pp24 gene was cloned into pcDNA3.1 as a pp24-expressing recombinant plasmid pcDNA-pp24. When uninfected CEF was co-transfected with pcDNA-pp38, pcDNA-pp24 and EGFP expressing plasmids pP(pp38)-EGFP or pP(1.8-kb)-EGFP, the EGFP could be detected. These results indicated that pp38 and pp24 could enhance the activity of the promoter when they worked together. DNA mobility shift assay showed that pp38 would bind to the bi-directional promoter with the co-existing of pp24, although neither of them alone influenced mobility of the promoter DNA. All the above suggested that MDV pp38 could transactivate the bi-directional promoter when combined with pp24. The results also indicated that the activity of the promoter in the direction of 1.8-kb mRNA was significantly stronger than that of pp38 direction.
author list (cited authors)
Jiabo, D., Zhizhong, C., Shijin, J., & Sanjay, R
complete list of authors
Jiabo, Ding||Zhizhong, Cui||Shijin, Jiang||Sanjay, Reddy