Management practices associated with the rate of respiratory tract disease among preweaned beef calves in cow-calf operations in the United States.
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OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between herd management practices and herd-level rates of bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) in preweaned beef calves in US cow-calf operations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE: 443 herds weighted to represent the US cow-calf population. PROCEDURES: Producers from 24 states were selected to participate in a 2-phase survey; 443 producers completed both survey phases and had calves born alive during the study period. Data from those respondents underwent multivariable negative binomial regression analyses. RESULTS: Bred heifer importation was associated with lower BRDC rates (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.40; confidence interval [CI], 0.19 to 0.82), whereas weaned steer importation was associated with higher BRDC rates (IRR, 2.62; CI, 1.15 to 5.97). Compared with single-breed herds, operations with calves of 2-breed crosses (IRR, 2.36; CI, 1.30 to 4.29) or 3-breed crosses (IRR, 4.00; CI, 1.93 to 8.31) or composite-herd calves (IRR, 2.27; CI, 1.00 to 5.16) had higher BRDC rates. Operations classified as supplemental sources of income had lower BRDC rates (IRR, 0.48; CI, 0.26 to 0.87) than did operations classified as primary sources of income. Reported feed supplementation with antimicrobials was positively associated with BRDC rates (IRR, 3.46; CI, 1.39 to 8.60). The reported number of visits by outsiders in an average month also was significantly associated with herd-level BRDC rates, but the magnitude and direction of the effects varied. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Management practices associated with preweaning BRDC rates may be potential indicators or predictors of preweaning BRDC rates in cow-calf production systems.
author list (cited authors)
Hanzlicek, G. A., Renter, D. R., White, B. J., Wagner, B. A., Dargatz, D. A., Sanderson, M. W., Scott, H. M., & Larson, R. E.
complete list of authors
Hanzlicek, Gregg A||Renter, David R||White, Brad J||Wagner, Bruce A||Dargatz, David A||Sanderson, Michael W||Scott, H Morgan||Larson, Robert E