Bio-inspired bioactive glasses for efficient microRNA and drug delivery
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Bio-inspired pinecone-like bioactive glasses consisting of ordered thin-layers separated by consistent cavities were synthesized using a sol-gel process. The short diameter of the as-produced particles was as short as 161 nm, and the surface area was as high as 280 m2 g-1. The pore volume, ranging from ∼0.74 cm3 g-1 to ∼0.67 cm3 g-1, could be modulated by the aqueous ammonia concentration. The surface was further tailored for positive charges by amino grafting. The as-produced nanoparticles could successfully enter cells via endocytosis. The microRNA delivery of the bioactive glass particles was further investigated by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, indicating a loading efficiency and transfection efficiency greater than 90%. The potential of such particles as drug carriers was also studied. CCK8, live-dead cell staining and PI/annexinV double staining analyses confirmed that the bioactive glass particles loaded with antitumour doxorubicin (DOX) significantly accelerated the apoptosis of tumour cells. These bio-inspired bioactive glasses are promising as novel vectors for drug and microRNA delivery with high efficiency.
author list (cited authors)
Li, X., Liang, Q., Zhang, W., Li, Y., Ye, J., Zhao, F., Chen, X., & Wang, S.