Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for canine serum ferritin, using monoclonal anti-canine ferritin immunoglobulin G.
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Immunoassay of serum ferritin is currently used to evaluate the clinical iron status of human beings, horses, cattle, and swine. Because ferritins are immunologically species specific, a separate assay must be developed for each species. We have developed an ELISA for serum ferritin in dogs, using a monoclonal anti-canine ferritin antibody. Ferritin standards were linear (r = 0.997) from 0 to 80 ng/ml. Recovery of ferritin from canine serum was 94%. Dilutions of pooled canine serum were linear from 0 to 50% (r = 0.994). Within-assay coefficient of variability was 5.5%, whereas assay-to-assay coefficient of variability ranged from 12.5 to 21%. This assay should provide a nonsurgical means of accurately estimating dogs' iron stores.