On connected dominating sets of restricted diameter
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A connected dominating set (CDS) is commonly used to model a virtual backbone of a wireless network. To bound the distance that information must travel through the network, we explicitly restrict the diameter of a CDS to be no more than s leading to the concept of a dominating s-club. We prove that for any fixed positive integer s it is NP-complete to determine if a graph has a dominating s-club, even when the graph has diameter s+1. As a special case it is NP-complete to determine if a graph of diameter two has a dominating clique. We then propose a compact integer programming formulation for the related minimization problem, enhance the approach with variable fixing rules and valid inequalities, and present computational results. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Buchanan, A., Sung, J. S., Boginski, V., & Butenko, S.