Moving targets: Introducing mobility into universal service obligations
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Structural changes in the economies of developing countries are leading to increased mobility of work and family life, and so an accommodating set of universal service obligations (USOs) implies new goals that extend beyond wireline telephone penetration and access. Wireless telephony penetration frequently exceeds wireline penetration in developing countries, and digital wireless platforms can incorporate Internet technology. This paper evaluates the history of telecom development in Mexico that has led to wireless telephony becoming the new consumption norm. The study takes the eMexico project as a case study of diversified USOs beyond wireline telephony. It considers potential obstacles to incorporating mobile phone and Internet ("Wireless Web") services into Mexico's diversified universal service policy, including economic barriers to political mobilization over issues of telecom policy. 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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