Transcatheter closure of a small atrial septal defect with an Amplatzerâ„¢ patent foramen ovale occluder in a working dog with cyanosis and exercise intolerance at high altitude Academic Article uri icon


  • A 6.5-year-old male Border Collie presented for transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect due to exercise intolerance and cyanosis while working and training at altitude. A small, left-to-right shunting secundum atrial septal defect was confirmed with no evidence of significant right-sided volume overload. Pulmonary hypertension with subsequent right-to-left interatrial shunting occurring during exercise at high altitude was suspected and prompted the closure of the defect due to the dog's continued athletic requirements. The anatomy of the defect prompted use of a patent foramen ovale occluder rather than an atrial septal defect occluder, which was deployed using a combination of fluoroscopic and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance. The owner did not report continued exercise intolerance or cyanosis and the dog's lifestyle and residence at altitude was unchanged.

altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Shelden, A., Wesselowski, S., Gordon, S. G., & Saunders, A. B.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • October 2017