Musculotendon simulation for hand animation Academic Article uri icon


  • We describe an automatic technique for generating the motion of tendons and muscles under the skin of a traditionally animated character. This is achieved by integrating the traditional animation pipeline with a novel biomechanical simulator capable of dynamic simulation with complex routing constraints on muscles and tendons. We also describe an algorithm for computing the activation levels of muscles required to track the input animation. We demonstrate the results with several animations of the human hand. © 2008 ACM.

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Sueda, S., Kaufman, A., & Pai, D. K.

citation count

  • 97

publication date

  • August 2008