- Three-dimensional (3D) visualization is an effective tool for communicating, verifying, and validating the results of a simulated operation. Traditional visualization tools used for this purpose are typically based on the paradigm of virtual reality. Augmented reality (AR) is a relatively newer visualization paradigm whose engineering applications have been explored by a limited number of researchers. In this paper, the problem of generating smooth and continuous AR animations from the results of running discrete event simulation models and a general purpose methodology to overcome this challenge are discussed. The structure of an AR animation authoring language developed by the writers to create a logical link between a running simulation model and its corresponding 3D visualization in AR is described. In order to validate the functionality and effectiveness of the designed methods and animation language, an AR-based visualization application was developed and the designed algorithms were successfully tested using different simulation scenarios of varying visual and operational complexity. 2009 ASCE.