Management of peanut pod rot I: Disease dynamics and sampling
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2015 Elsevier Ltd. Peanut fields are monitored for pod rot, which is typically caused by Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani, in order to determine need, and the type and timing of fungicide applications. Pod rot can lead to damaged peanut kernels and when damage exceeds 2.49%, substantial price reductions occur. Nine fields or tests were sampled weekly for pod rot during the 2009 through 2012 growing seasons. The sampling was conducted on fields treated uniformly with fungicides for pod rot or within large research plots with various fungicide treatments. Pythium myriotylum was the most frequently identified pathogen species, although Rhizoctonia spp. were also recovered from diseased pods at all sites. Pod rot incidence was related to percent damaged kernels at harvest in 3 of 5 sites. Collection of 304 samples (sample unit = 46 cm of row) in a field was required to estimate 1% pod rot accurately (CV = 20%). There was a linear relationship between average % pod rot in a field, and the percentage of sampling units (absence/presence) with pod rot at low disease incidences. Scouting for pod rot of peanuts to make in-season fungicide applications will be hampered by high sample number, destructive sampling of plants, frequent sampling (due to rapid increase of disease), and the poor relationship between disease during the season and kernel damage at harvest. Making one preventative application at 60-70 days after planting may be a better practice than timing the initial fungicide application based on sampling for disease.
author list (cited authors)
Wheeler, T. A., Russell, S. A., Anderson, M. G., Serrato-Diaz, L. M., French-Monar, R. D., & Woodward, J. E.
complete list of authors
Wheeler, Terry A||Russell, Scott A||Anderson, Manda G||Serrato-Diaz, Luz M||French-Monar, Ronald D||Woodward, Jason E