Gene-Expression Programming for Short-Term Forecasting of Daily Reference Evapotranspiration Using Public Weather Forecast Information Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. This study aimed to forecast the daily reference evapotranspiration (ETo) using a gene-expression programming (GEP) algorithm with limited public weather forecast information over Gaoyou station, located in Jiangsu province, China. To calibrate and validate the gene-expression code, important meteorological data and weather forecast information were collected from the local meteorological station and public weather media, respectively. The GEP algebraic formulation was successfully constructed based only on daily minimum and maximum air temperature using the true FAO56 Penman-Monteith (PM) set as reference values. The performance of the models was then assessed using the correlation coefficient (R), root mean squared error (RMSE), root relative squared error (RRSE) and mean absolute error (MAE). The study demonstrated that GEP is able to calibrate ETo (all errors 0.990mm/day, R=0.8320.866) and forecast the daily ETo with good accuracy (RMSE=1.207mm/day, MAE=0.902mm/day, RRSE=0.629mm/day, R=0.777). The model accuracies slightly decreased over a 7-day forecast lead-time. These results suggest that the GEP algorithm can be considered as a deployable tool for ETo forecast to anticipate decision on short-term irrigation schedule in the study zone.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Traore, S., Luo, Y., & Fipps, G.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Traore, Seydou||Luo, Yufeng||Fipps, Guy

publication date

  • December 2017