Vitamin E Does Not Modulate Plasma Lipid Profile or C-Reactive Protein Despite Suppressing Oxidative Stress in Orchiectomized Rats
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Vitamin E is known to improve antioxidant status and to prevent lipoprotein oxidation. However, the effect of vitamin E on other cardiovascular risk factors, including C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid profile status, in orchiectomized rats is unknown. In the present study, 32 1-year-old male rats were randomized into two groups: a sham-control group (n = 8) and an orchiectomized group (n = 24). The orchiectomized group was divided into three groups of eight and assigned to one of the following treatments: orchiectomy (ORX), ORX + vitamin E mixture (65.6 mg/kg) diet, or ORX + vitamin E mixture (656 mg/kg) diet. For 120 days all four groups consumed a basal AIN-93M diet, while the vitamin E groups ate diets containing an additional vitamin E mixture. Four months after the study began, all the rats were killed, the blood was collected, and the plasma was assayed for antioxidant status, CRP, lipid profile, and indices of peroxidation. ORX decreased (P < .05) the plasma antioxidant status, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and CRP level and increased (P < .05) the plasma malondialdeyde, nitrite, and lipid profile compared with that of the sham-control group. In contrast to the ORX group, supplementation with vitamin E mixture increased (P < .05) plasma antioxidant status and dose-dependently increased (P < .05) SOD activity, while the vitamin E decreased (P < .05) plasma malondialdeyde and nitrite. The vitamin E mixture had no effect on CRP or on lipid profiles when compared to the orchiectomized rats. In conclusion, vitamin E appears to reduce oxidative stress without modulating lipid profile or inflammatory response.
author list (cited authors)
Deyhim, F., Gonzales, C., Garcia, C., Villarreal, A., Garcia, K., Rios, R., Mandadi, K., & Patil, B. S.