Antioxidant capacity of pummelo and navel oranges: Extraction efficiency of solvents in sequence Academic Article uri icon


  • Extraction efficiency of five different solvents on the antioxidant capacities of pummelo and navel oranges was measured by five widely used antioxidant methods. Freeze-dried edible parts of pummelo and navel oranges were extracted with five different solvents such as hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, methanol and methanol:water (8:2). The total phenolic content of the extracts was determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method and expressed as catechin equivalents. The highest phenolic content was obtained from ethyl acetate and the minimum phenolic content was found in methanol extract. The dried extracts were screened for their radical scavenging activity using three different methods such as α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical assay and ORAC methods. Ethyl acetate extract from navel orange and pummelo was found to be most active radical scavenging activity, whereas hexane extract from pummelo and methanol extract from navel orange was found to be lowest activity. Moreover, all the extracts from pummelo and navel orange were studied for their antioxidant capacity by the formation of phosphomolybdenum complex and reducing power by potassium ferricyanide reduction method at various concentrations. The order of antioxidant capacity of pummelo and navel orange was found to be ethyl acetate>acetone>MeOH:water>methanol> hexane and ethyl acetate>MeOH:water>acetone>methanol>hexane, respectively. Acetone and methanol extracts from pummelo and navel oranges showed highest reducing power than other extracts at 1000 μg/ml. Significant differences in antioxidant capacity were found between the values obtained by the same method in different solvents and as well as each extract antioxidant capacity obtained by the different method. Results of the present study may be due to the extent of antioxidant capacity of each extract is in accordance with the amount of carotenoids, phenolics and vitamin C present in the extracts. © 2007 Swiss Society of Food Science and Technology.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Jayaprakasha, G. K., Girennavar, B., & Patil, B. S.

citation count

  • 59

complete list of authors

  • Jayaprakasha, Guddadarangavvanahally K||Girennavar, Basavaraj||Patil, Bhmanagouda S

publication date

  • April 2008