Practice Paper of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Abstract: Oral Health and Nutrition Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This paper supports the "Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Oral Health and Nutrition" published in the May 2013 Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that nutrition is an integral component of oral health. The Academy supports integration of oral health with nutrition services, education, and research. Collaboration between registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs); dietetic technicians, registered (DTRs); and oral health care professionals is recommended for oral health promotion and disease prevention and intervention. There is a synergistic multidirectional association between diet, nutrition, and oral health. Given that the mouth is the portal of entry into the body, it is essential that RDNs and DTRs include the oral cavity in their assessment for nutritional risk factors and deficiencies. Nutrition assessment is vital to identifying dietary intake and nutritional factors impacting oral health. Conversely, decreased salivary flow, compromised oral integrity, tooth decay, or poor periodontal health can impact an individual's ability to consume an adequate diet. A poor diet can result in limited intake of nutrients crucial to systemic health and well-being. The provision of medical nutrition therapy that incorporates total health, including oral health, is a component of the Standards of Practice for RDNs and DTRs. Inclusion of didactic and clinical practice concepts that illustrate the role of nutrition in oral health is essential in education programs for both professional groups. The multifaceted interactions between diet, nutrition, and oral health in practice, education, and research in both dietetics and dentistry merit the need for collaborative efforts to ensure comprehensive patient care. © 2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

altmetric score

  • 7.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Mallonee, L., Boyd, L. D., & Stegeman, C.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • June 2014